Good and bad polytheists (part 20): Conclusion

Papyrus scrollAfter presenting various historical characters and stories from a range of almost 4000 years, a conclusion is needed to put an end to the series. After the 13th century, polytheism declined gradually throughout the Old World, surviving only in the Indian and Far East, as well as in other isolated places where some traditions have endured even to this day. At the end of the 15th century, as we know, the New World was linked to the Old, and the indigenous polytheism of those lands began a decline also at the hands of the Christian conquerors, though not without their own instances of bravery. When we polytheists of this day look back, we marvel at the changes that the world has gone through at the hands of mankind, and we forget the many stories and lessons about our ancestors that have long since past. Of the great and known personages that history has left us with, we find that not all of them were exemplary and good; indeed, in some cases, they contributed, by means of their selfish actions (knowingly or unknowingly), to the rise of evils and misfortunes that still plague the world.

The question remains, how exactly can a good polytheist be known then, and distinguished from a bad? Part of this answer is obvious to all, because the good and bad has certain universal standards. Generosity, courage, fidelity, humility, magnanimity, piety, prudence, honesty, justice, etc. are examples of virtues that are known to be good throughout the world and have been held as such throughout history. The other part is more particular to culture and the circumstances of the times. A good polytheist will always endeavor to respect his own culture as well as others, not setting one at the expense of another, and will be active in promoting the good within his community, even if the times tempt him with rewards for a bad and selfish endeavor. And when circumstances or times are otherwise bad and dangerous, he will also attempt to turn them as much as possible to a good direction, for the benefit and protection of his people, yet without excess. In the meantime, he will not forget of the Gods, nor insult them directly. Furthermore, he will not act with the pride of false piety, by pretending to act as if in their company.

The earliest bad polytheist we know of is King Sargon, falsely (like several others) called “the great”. As the founder of the very first empire*, he established the horrible precedent for uncontrolled expansion and conquest, which never since ended. Imperialism is a condition that has always plagued polytheism, and in some respects, it could very well be said that it gave rise to monotheism and atheism, which are imperialisms, only in ideological form. If Abraham flourished at the period the biblical scholars agree upon, i.e. about 1900 BCE, then this was about 5 centuries after Sargon. Likewise, Akhenaten propagated his idea of monotheism during the New Kingdom, a period during which Egypt made foreign conquests and assimilated foreigners. This is also about the same time Moses is said to have lived. The exclusive and hostile monotheism of a sect of the Canaanites (said to be descendants of Abraham and followers of Moses’ commandments), commonly called the Jews, developed in a region and during historical ages that were plagued by continuous imperialism; the Jews were pressed from the east by the Egyptians, from the north by the Hittites, and from the East by the Babylonians and Assyrians. Is it any wonder then that they came to hate foreigners so much and make themselves differ from them in every way? If Judaic monotheism was an evil idea, it arose within an evil environment. The same could be said of the far more dangerous religion of Christianity, which arose during the unprecedented hegemony of the Roman Empire.

If there is any way to sum up this series of good and bad polytheists, it cannot be better done than by means of this theme of imperialism and the resistance to it. Abrahamic monotheism has attributed the source of evil to the pride of the Devil and his defiance of his master, causing an eternal battle in which man must resist evil or be punished by it and for it. Although this is a horribly poisonous view of the world and universe (since it presupposes that Abraham’s people are the only good ones, against the rest of the world), it has its advantages in directing the masses and gaining power. Polytheists must study history and learn from this lesson; it is possible to adjust and apply it in a good way, with a good intention. Imperialism is to us, what the Devil is to Abrahamic monotheists: it is a perfect an embodiment of most of the overgrown evils that have plagued the world. I say overgrown because we polytheists don’t believe in pure dualism or the eternal war between the good and evil. Imperialism is therefore the condition (ideologically and materially) that aggravates, multiplies, and propagates injustice, impiety, slavery, destruction of nature, genocide (cultural and ethnic), high ambition, universal war, and many more. Imperialism is the greatest false promise the world has ever known; it has promised people eternal happiness, protection, glory, and prosperity, but has given them only the shadows and shells of those blessings. After 4500 years since Sargon, with a continual series of empires, this is too evident already to need further explanation. If there is one thing that should be remembered then after this long series, it is the horror of imperialism and the nobility of resisting all its forms. Our present battle against monotheism and atheism verifies that truth beyond any doubt.




* Although Egypt was said to have been unified many centuries before Sargon (i.e. about 3100 BCE), the circumstances were different, and did not lead to empire. Egypt had already been divided into a Northern and Southern Kingdom, not too different culturally and ethnically (unlike Mesopotamia), which were then united for reasons not precisely known. It can be observed in general that civilizations, which begin independently and accidentally along rivers (a constant source of water and hence food), are prone to growth and conflict, which often leads to centralized systems. There was what could be called temporary “proto-empire” before Sargon in the region of Mesopotamia, where city-states attempted at domination and achieved it temporarily. However, Sargon was the first to celebrate himself as a glorious conqueror who managed (in one lifetime) to conquer 34 city-states and stretch his dominions from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean sea, achieving therefore not only what had never been done before, but also (in his mind) what is worthy of imitation, because he falsely claimed he was inspired by the Goddess Ishtar. By this means, he added a dangerous idea to an existing (and somewhat undesirable) material condition, i.e. the glory of large conquests beyond one’s ethnic and cultural bounds. This is how the entity of empire was created and cemented in history, multiplying in an unbroken succession (see part 1) from 2400 BCE to this very day.


7 thoughts on “Good and bad polytheists (part 20): Conclusion

  1. Jessica Triepel

    Globalisation is this concept of imperialism taken to the greatest extreme ever recorded in known history. You know, it’s said an empire will always fall sooner or later, but I have a hard time seeing this modern empire ever falling without some other form ready to carry on as if nothing ever changed.

    Liked by 2 people

    1. Melas the Hellene Post author

      Thanks, Jessica. I concur in definition and sentiment! Whereas there were inter-regional empires in ancient times, we now have domination for the world. I think you share my dilemma though: should the American empire be allowed to fall, and then replaced by another power? It is hard to say. I’m not too persuaded that Russia or China would be any worse than America today; they might even be better in some respects. But do not despair in change: that will surely happen. The question lies really in the the intensity of it. As a cultural example, western civilisation has been declining. In all cases, polytheists must take advantage of the changes in order to survive difficult times.

      Liked by 2 people

  2. Paul

    Great conclusion to this series, Melas. I give you thanks and a hearty round of applause for all of the time and research you’ve poured into these posts.

    The point you make about imperialism and monotheism being similar is a very good one that I hadn’t considered (or even thought of) before. They both do indeed seek to take the many and homogenize them into one cohesive whole (“There is neither Jew nor Greek”). The one instance I can think of where a monotheism has not sought to impose itself upon others on a mass scale is perhaps Tengrism – although, granted, Tengrism is quite different from the “Big Three” monotheisms. But regardless, the sundry similarities between imperialism and monotheism is something I had not considered before and it is a subject worthy of much reflection.

    At any rate, my friend, this has been a wonderful series. I’m looking forward to reading what you have coming up next.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Melas the Hellene Post author

      I’m too honored by your words, my friend. It heartens knee that you’ve found the series worthwhile and seem to celebrate. I wish I could buy you some ale! Exclusive monotheism is related to imperialism and I do intend to develop that idea as part of a book on polytheism. The monotheism in Tengrism, however, is much akin to animism and henotheism, and it had no part in the Mongol & Turkic imperialism, although you do well to raise the topic. In some ways, the worship of a Sky God in Tengrism resembles the Chinese worship of Tian and the native American worship of the Great Spirit; there was also ancestor worship. Exclusive and destructive monotheism arises in urban environments, and imperialism was first born there too (later to spread). But thank you once again for your kindness. My next (longer) series will be on controversial topics for polytheists. The introduction comes out today or tomorrow. I hope you’ll come to like it!

      Liked by 1 person


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